3 Sep 2014 . The government of Lagos has been trying to regulate the process. Although only a small number of companies are licensed to dredge sand, .
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Sand mining; Dredging; Environmental impacts; Niger delta . In Nigeria, large quantities of sand are utilized for construction and reclamation, . tidal floods , land reclamation is imperative in order to sustain the supply of usable land for development. . Both motorized (Pilcon or Dando machines) or the locally fabricated .
13 Sep 2017 . A dredging machine on the Lagoon front in Sabon Kodji. . Joseph Christopher says sand mining and dredging activities have polluted water . An officer of the Dredging and Sand Dealers Association of Nigeria, Dr. Edmund .
The paper examined sand and gravel mining activities both on land and the rivers as a . less than 8 percent of the total profit accruing from the business, the miner ferries . Construction activities in Minna emirate of Niger State Nigeria, predated its . LGC/ADC) were requested to supply the figures of the amount of money .
4 Jul 2019 . Following the cue from Green (2012), we reckon that a sand miner would . of buried pipeline crossings and water supply intake (Kondolf 1997; .
This paper aimed to describe the effects of sand mining on the Kelantan River . except for few companies that are operating with expired sand mining permits. . or leakage from excavation machinery and transportation vehicles (ECD 2001) . Effects of sand/gravel mining in Minna Emirate area of Nigeria on stakeholders.
Nigeria& 39;s Mining Sector Investment Promotion Brochure August 2016 . Salt limestone, coal, maganese, mica, limenite, gold, quartz, glass sand, tourmaline, petroleum, natural . plant, machinery equipment and accessories imported . companies; artisanal miners regularised and supported; sound environmental policies).
Sand mining is the extraction of sand, mainly through an open pit but sometimes mined from beaches and inland dunes or dredged from ocean and river beds.